Stablecoins could be key to upholding US dollar’s global reserve status: Report
Stablecoins are at the heart of a dollar-based revolution and could be a pivotal factor in keeping the United States dollar the dominant global currency, according to an Aug. 9 opinion piece published in The Wall Street Journal.
The authors, Brian Brooks and Charles Calomiris urged Congress to implement a “sound and stable regulatory framework” for stablecoins in the country. Brooks is a former CEO of Binance.US, former chief legal officer of Coinbase, and served as U.S. Comptroller of the Currency. Calomiris is dean of economics, politics and history at the University of Austin and served as chief economist of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
The Clarity for Payment Stablecoins Act was proposed in July by House Financial Services Committee Chairman Patrick McHenry. However, the stablecoin legislation has faced obstacles due to the lack of bipartisan agreement.
#ICYMI: U.S leadership in stablecoins can cement the Dollar's global reserve currency status.
Our bipartisan Clarity for Payment Stablecoins Act provides the necessary consumer protections to help this technology achieve its full potential.
Read more 🔗https://t.co/HY3i9BALsX
— Patrick McHenry (@PatrickMcHenry) August 10, 2023
According to Brooks and Calomiris, with emerging concerns about the “de-dollarization” — a scenario in which the dollar loses its global reserve currency status — stablecoins could revive the post-World War II arrangement when the greenback emerged as the currency of international trade.
The affirmations are backed by data from the International Monetary Fund showing that the share of U.S. dollar reserves held by foreign central banks has fallen from almost 73% in 2000 to 59% today. “Any tool that could boost the U.S. dollar should be considered,” reads the piece.
The authors issued a warning about the ongoing dollar exodus from big commodity traders, such as Brazil and Argentina. Both countries entered into bilateral agreements with China to use the yuan and their local currencies — Real and Peso, respectively — for trade settlements. Brooks and Calomiris also explained how stablecoins provide people living under hyperinflation with easier access to the U.S. dollar.
In a call for stablecoin regulation, the authors noted that de-dollarization could damage the United States economy, as the currency’s reserve status reduces the country’s borrowing costs, which is crucial during times of record government borrowing and spending. They also noted that it could affect American consumers’ purchasing power, increasing the cost of foreign goods.
“If stablecoins flourish, citizens of other countries will increase the demand for dollars independent of (and perhaps contrary to) their governments’ political decisions,” notes the authors, adding that “U.S. politicians need to agree that re-dollarizing the global economy is important.”